Understand the lawyer and his duties

Each of us knows at least a little who such a lawyer is and what this term means. In this article, we set out to you in understandable words who the lawyer is and all the information about Russian lawyers, what he does, how to become one and so on, which is called From and To.

Briefly about who a lawyer is and what a bar is

The term (definition) “Lawyer” in simple terms is a lawyer who has a higher legal education and has received the status of a lawyer, which gives the right to participate as a defense lawyer in criminal proceedings. We also want to note that a lawyer, like an ordinary lawyer, has the right to provide other legal assistance to individuals and legal entities not prohibited by law. It follows that every lawyer is a lawyer, but not every lawyer is a lawyer.

The definition (term) of “Advocacy” in simple words is an association of lawyers engaged in protecting the rights, freedoms, and interests of the principal in court and other legal ways.

Read more about the term “Lawyer” and “Advocacy” A lawyer is a person who has received the status of a lawyer and the right to practice law in the manner prescribed by this Federal Law. The lawyer is an independent professional legal adviser. A lawyer shall not be entitled to enter into labor relations as an employee, except scientific, teaching and other creative activities, as well as occupy government posts of the Russian Federation, government posts of constituent entities of the Russian Federation, posts of public service and municipal posts.

An advocate has the right to combine advocacy with work as the head of an advocacy education, as well as working in elected positions in the advocate chamber of a constituent entity of the Russian Federation, the Federal Chamber of advocates of the Russian Federation, and all-Russian and international public associations of advocates.

Advocacy is a voluntary professional association of qualified lawyers created to provide legal assistance to individuals and legal entities in court and other legal means. This association is not state or commercial and does not pursue the goal of making a profit, but provides services for a fee.

The task of each lawyer and the bar as a whole is not to assist the court, but to protect the rights and legitimate interests of persons who have applied for legal assistance. But objectively, such activities contribute to the achievement of the challenges facing justice. A lawyer is not a “court assistant”, but a servant of his client, whose interests he is obliged to protect by all legal means. The client does not need a lawyer who would be a “court assistant”. Moreover, the lawyer is also called upon to argue with the court in appealing against a sentence or other court decision. Objectively, the activities of the bar contribute to strengthening the rule of law. But the lawyer should not be tasked with strengthening the rule of law in general, without regard to the protection of the rights and legitimate interests of a particular client.

The organization and activities of the legal profession are based on the following legal principles:

1. humanism, protection of human rights and freedoms;

2. legality;

3. voluntary entry into the bar and membership in it;

4. self-government;

5. the independence of the legal profession and the inadmissibility of state and other interference in its affairs;

6. confidentiality of information entrusted to clients as advocates (“advocacy secrets”);

7. corporatism and equality of lawyers.